Whether you’re years into your loc journey or new to the style, there are a plethora of loc care ways to care for natural hair locs and maintain a crown full of healthy dreadlocks. Like all natural hair routines, moisturizing locs will be paramount, and surprisingly quite easy to do. If you prefer a low maintenance routine, there are products for you as well. Ahead, discover the best products for locs and tips and tricks for maintaining dreadlocks.
What Are Locs?Dreadlocks are braids that require stray hairs to be tucked into the dread and locked up to the rest of your hair. The maintenance routine will depend on the age of your dreads and the method you used to start them.
Typically, there are four main locs styles: starter, budding, teen, and mature or rooted locs.
Starter or Baby Locs
Starter or baby locs begin with coils and double-strand twists. If you leave your hair in these styles past the allotted time (3-5 weeks), they will start to lock over time. This stage usually lasts the first three to six months of dreads.
Budding is when hair becomes matted. This is usually when people become frustrated because there is a lot of frizz and fuzz that comes in this stage. To combat it, make sure you are using a Repairing Sulfate Free Shampoo, infused with monoi oil that will help strengthen and smooth distressed hair, including frizz.
Teen stage is when there is a lot less unraveling of the locs.
Mature or rooted locs are when locs are long enough to hang.
Equally, there are a few different loc styles: sisterlocks, traditional locs, and freeform locs.
Sisterlocks are like microlocs. They are quite small and the actual installation can be very lengthy. The nice thing is that they are very easy to style and can be versatile. For sisterlocks, you’ll have to retighten them every four to six weeks.
Traditional locs are standard-size locs that are no bigger than a medium-sized box braid. These types of locs require very minimal upkeep.
Freeform locs are created naturally, requiring little twisting and manipulation
How To Care For DreadlocksSo now that you’re familiar with the different types of loc styles, what type of loc care is needed? What are the best products—hair moisturizer, hair oil or others? How often should you wash them and how do you dry locs? And what are the different types of loc styling?
What Are The Best Products For Locs?It’s important to narrow down your wash day essentials. But what exactly are the best products for locs? Light oils and shampoos will be ideal for growth. Creamy shampoos will cause build up because of their oils and conditioning agents; ultimately, they will stick to your dreads and turn into gunk.
Instead, shampoo for locs should clarify and moisturize. The most important thing to remember when selecting a shampoo is residue. Since locs are literally locked up, you will want to try Monoi Repairing Sulfate Free Shampoo, which is great for thin or thick hair and free from PPG and PEG ingredients that tend to leave behind residue. When locs experience residue, it can cause itching and make it harder for thicker locs to dry properly and tighten. Luckily, this shampoo will prevent dryness, build up, and odor.
How To Moisturize Your LocsLike any hair texture or style, the most important part about loc care is keeping your dreads moisturized. Even though hair is tied up and locked in, dreadlocks can still get dry and break easily if not properly moisturized. Moisturizing locs will require a good scalp oil on hand. The best oil for locks? Goddess Strength 7 Oil Blend Scalp & Hair Oil. It’s infused with castor oil, perfect to wrap strands with moisture.
How Often Should You Wash Locs?Although hair is tucked away, washing your hair will still be part of your natural hair care routine. Washing, moisturizing, and protecting your dreads will ensure your hair grows well and stays healthy. You will want to regularly (every two to three weeks) wash and detox hair to remove any products, oil, or debris trapped in the strands and scalp. Of course, if you workout a lot, you might want to wash more frequently than every two to three weeks. Washing will also help restore the pH balance necessary for healthy growth.
To wash dreads, wet the locs and scalp very well. You will want hair to be sopping wet. Next, pour a bit of shampoo in your hands and work it into your hair. Feel free to add more as needed but focus on water more than product. Once shampoo is in, massage the scalp gently but thoroughly. Then rinse with loads of water.
After washing dreads, you might be wondering: What is the best way to dry locs? Solution: air drying. Direct heat can damage dreadlocks, whereas air drying will properly dry hair and prevent it from mold and poor odor. However, due to the structure of locs, drying and making sure locs don’t unravel or retain water, especially in the starter stage, can be difficult. The rule of thumb is to squeeze dreads after washing and to use a microfiber towel to absorb some of the water before styling or wrapping hair. Microfiber towels are also great because they won’t leave any lint in your locs like regular cotton towels might.
The good news is dreads will begin to dry faster and faster after each washing, making the style very convenient and a great way to prevent mildew. Dry locs will shine better once air dried properly.
How Can I Maintain My Dreadlocks At Home?Like most natural styles, moisture will be key in maintaining dreadlocks at home. After all, dry hair is more prone to brittleness and breakage. Your best bet is to use hair oil on top of a moisturising spray to keep dryness away.
The scalp is skin and needs the same protection that the skin on your body or face needs. Opt for lightweight oils that won’t clog your pores or hair follicles and sleep with a silk or satin bonnet and pillow. Wrapping dreadlocks at night will keep the style in place and help prevent frizz, dirt, and debris.
In the beginning stages, make sure all dreads are twisted, and if they aren’t, twist them a little until they’re under a bit of tension. To twist, spin the loc while applying some dread cream to the dread and work it around in a clockwise twist. Once twisted, pin or attach the dread to hold it in the twisted position until dry. Avoid twisting the same locs repeatedly as too much tension can cause breakage.
How To Style Your LocsWhen loc-styling, you want to avoid thinning, bald patches, and traction alopecia from the tension from twisting. The top methods for styling your dreads are below:
Use a small-tooth comb to twist small sections of the hair until they form coils.
Take small sections of hair and roll them in your palms to help tighten and lock up dreads.
Braids or two-strand twist
Great for longer hair as you can start your loc journey by braiding.
If you stop detangling your hair altogether, it will eventually become locs.
Are Locs High-Maintenance?Short answer: no. However, patience is a major requirement when dreading your hair. Starting dreads, figuring out your perfect product assortment, and then waiting for them to grow can be time-consuming in the beginning. But it will be worth it once you see your locs flourish. So remain patient and you will get the length and thickness you desire. Also, dreadlocks look better and better with time, and as they mature, they will become tighter and smoother—requiring less maintenance.
Do Dreadlocks Ruin Your Hair?All in all, dreadlocks, like all protective styles, help protect your hair from environmental stressors. The only way locs styles will ruin hair, is if you don’t dry them properly or retwist them too often. As long as you invest in the right natural hair care products and look after your dreads, any type of loc-styling will yield to a healthy scalp and locs.
Protective hairstyles naturally need a boost of hydration. Learn one of the best ways to provide your hair with moisture in our article What Is The LOC Method Hair Care Routine?